6. Locarno Pact:

The Locarno Conference was called partly because of the failure of the Treaty of Versailles to satisfy many nations and solve conflicts between countries that remained after World War I. The Treaty of Versailles ended military actions against Germany in World War I. It resulted in the Rhineland Security Pact as well as 6 other treaties.

In October of 1925, representatives of seven European countries met in Locarno, Switzerland. The seven countries involved were Belgium, United Kingdom, Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, Italy and Poland. The purpose of the conference was to discuss political borders and to build permanent peace. It was the second peace conference (the first was the Congress of Vienna). However the most important issue was to find settlement between France and Germany and for the first time, nations treated Germany as a friendly nation.

The Rhineland Security Pact developed as the most important treaty. Germany had joined the League of Nations, it helped set up a neutral zone in the Rhineland, which was an area covering Belgian, French and German soil. All signing powers vowed to guarantee France’s and Belgium’s borders with Germany,

The six other treaties made all seven nations promise to discuss its problems before resorting to war; they were all to submit all future disputes to international authority. It was guaranteed by Britain and Italy who pledged to resist whatever country that violated the demilitarized Rhineland.

Nations promised to guarantee political borders discussed.

The seven European nations had gotten together in order to establish a peace settlement.

National security:
All nations involved had to promise to keep to their political borders

Regional security:
No nations were to go into the Rhineland as it was a neutral zone.

Total war:
This Locarno Pact was an attempt to remove tensions between Germany and France. Countries wanted an overall peace settlement and wanted to prevent a second world war.


The Locarno Pact of 1925 was an attempt to remove tensions between countries, especially between France and Germany. However, it failed in 1936 when Germany had denounced the Locarno treaties and sent troops into the neutral Rhineland. The other Locarno powers did not try to prevent these aggressions because they were not ready for war yet and wanted to avoid the total war feared. 

In 1929, the world fell in a Great Depression; countries became isolationalists and tried to save their own economies. Germany tried to get out of the depression by created jobs for people through militarization which violated the Treaty of Versailles but no one, including the League of Nations tried to stop it because they were not ready for the war.

Copyright ©2009 by Ben Pi, Tony Fu, Amere Huang, Jeff Fong, Edwin Li, Irena Liu SS 20IB